Artesia is a small town that is located in Lowndes County, Mississippi. Artesia name originates from a cluster of Artesian Wells that were found in the area before being discovered. Artesia was originally named Artesia Junction, a junction point on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. During the railroad’s construction in the 1850’s, an offer was made to the towns of Columbus and Aberdeen to route the railroad through the towns, but both towns refused. Columbus reconsidered a few months later; but by that time, the railway had already chosen a route well to the west of Artesia. However, the railroad did extend a spur line in order to serve Columbus, and that spur line joins the main line at the site of present-day Artesia. Artesia Day annual festival coined us the motto “The small town that does BIG THINGS!“. This four day festival bring in thousands of visitors, families and friends both locally and out-of-state. Welcome to the Town of Artesia, MS!